Research is a process of systematic inquiry that basically covers data collection documentation of information regarding a topic, and analysis and deployment of that data/information with the help of suitable methodologies in academic or professional disciplines.

Nowadays, many students do their thesis project in their B.Sc. life and try to make it as a publication in a conference/journal. The tendency of doing scientific work and make it as a publication in a journal or conference is not an easy thing. But to showcase your work in an international conference/journal, you need to maintain some issues. Those issues are mainly about research writing which can help for accepting a research paper.

One needs to maintain some important things for writing a research paper. A research paper contains some sections like abstract, introduction, related study/work, dataset description (if possible), proposed method, result analysis, conclusion, future work etc.

For writing a paper, you should start with the Introduction section at first. This Introduction contains a little idea behind your research. First of all, try to write some basic information about your research work. The next things which need to be mentioned are: why you are doing this research, how it will be helpful in your topic area, what are the previous works on this idea (in 3–4 lines, because description should be added in Related Work section) etc. This is basically what an introduction section covers.

After completing the introduction section, you need to write a Related Work/Study of your topic. This section covers the related paper works, any competition works which were done previously on your topic. Basically what I follow is, I try to give at least 8–10 related analysis of previous work on a topic. Sometimes tools, the dataset for work are slightly mentioned in this section.

After completing this section, you need to write your Dataset description (it’s mandatory if you work on a dataset, you can write it as subsection or just a para). The dataset description may be added within your Proposed Method section. That’s not a major issue. After this, you need to propose your method in a better way. Your method needs to be unique. Otherwise, the paper acceptance rate will be reduced. Try to give a flow diagram in this section and explain this diagram so that anybody can understand what you have done in this research and why it will be helpful.

After completing this section, you need to expose your result in the Result Analysis section. The result analysis section requires a clear verification of your work. Otherwise, the reviewer will be confused and won’t understand the work. So, this section has a separate value as you expose your experimental issues here.

The Conclusion section comes after the result analysis section. After providing your result in a paper, you mean that your work is better than the previous and those results are the proof. So you need to move on to the conclusion section. This section elaborates on the total procedure of your research. This is sometimes called the second abstract of a paper. Finally, you can add future work regarding your research. It will give a clear idea to the reviewer about your work and future prospect.

A good paper format will be created after maintaining those sections. But for the final touch, you need to write an Abstract of the paper. The abstract should be written before the Introduction section. The abstract contains the total summary of the research work. So try to write it within 8–10 lines. You can write some Keywords in your paper. It’s not a compulsory thing, but better to write some key points which will be helpful to the reader for finding the main focus of the work. These are the main points for writing a research paper.

Here, I tried a brief idea on how to write a research paper in a simple way so that anyone can understand the total work of my paper. But after writing the paper, you need to focus on the Plagiarism issue. This is one of the most valuable things in this writing issue. Plagiarism means the same sentence/portion of a sentence which is similar to any previous article. So, if any match is found, the rejection may be possible. Maximum conferences/journals consider 12-15% similarity. Otherwise, it will be rejected for the plagiarism issue. That’s all.

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